29 november 2017
I full karriär
Att få en tydlig, förutsebar och sammanhängande karriärväg för forskare har länge efterfrågats. Detta har Ragnar Söderbergs stiftelse tagit fasta på. Vi kan idag, tillsammans med Juridiska fakulteten vid Lunds universitet, presentera fem biträdande universitetslektorer.
Juridiska fakulteten vid Lunds universitet har tillsammans med Ragnar Söderbergs stiftelse genomfört ett pilotprojekt med en utlysning av biträdande universitetslektorat i EU-rätt och folkrätt respektive civilrätt, processrätt och internationell privaträtt.
Styrkan i denna utlysning är en kombination av den externa anslagsgivarens intresse att finansiera excellent forskning, lärosätets intresse av att pröva en forskare för en tillsvidareanställning och forskarnas intresse av att se en tydlig karriärväg och ett mål som anställd.
Ragnar Söderbergs stiftelse hoppas att de tre utlysningsformerna postdoktor, biträdande lektorat och projekt ska hjälpa till med att stabilisera karriärvägen för rättsvetare vid svenska lärosäten. Förhoppningsvis kan vi på detta sätt också locka duktiga forskare utanför nationens gränser.
De fem forskarna är:
Sjö- och transporträtt – transport av gods och passagerare.
"My future research plans include finalizing of the postdoctoral project and publication of articles and also deepening my knowledge and understanding of fundamental topics in maritime and private law. After completion of the postdoctoral project I would like to develop my research further by combining two major areas of maritime law – carriage of goods and passengers and to contribute to the on-going international debate on international and regional uniformity in maritime and transport law. The main goal is to examine an issue of uniformity in transport law and the problems it faces in modern times. This will lead to the analysis of possible solutions that can be offered for international uniformity and also regional harmonization on the example of the European Union. The project has an objective to cover broader areas of contract law and law of obligations, issues of liability, contractual and non-contractual damages, jurisdiction and applicable law, all of which constitute major elements of private and commercial law. My ultimate goal is to become an international scholar in the area of private commercial and maritime law and contribute to teaching and research in this field at the Faculty of Law and internationally, including collaboration and interdisciplinary research conducted with scholars from Lund University and from abroad."
Internationell rätt – digitala aktörer som rättssubjekt.
"Core concepts of international law such as attributability or responsibility presuppose the existence of reasonable human actors who act (normally on behalf of States). Increasingly, however, decisions previously taken by humans are taken by digital actors: Unmanned oil tankers navigating the high seas, drones conducting wars and smart energy grids are just a few examples. The conduct of these digital actors is conditioned by algorithms. In domestic legal orders the behaviour of these algorithms is modelled on archetypical versions of their human counterparts (eg the bonus pater familias, the ‘reasonable person’). In international law, however, such approaches are more difficult to implement. Here, the notion of the state (or rather humans acting on behalf of a state) as the international legal order’s archetypical subject is comparatively more elusive than domestic law’s ‘reasonable person’, for instance. This is problematic because the responsible regulation of digital actors in the international sphere is of dramatic importance in light of the manifold competences that digital actors already possess. Thus, as an Associate Senior Lecturer, I want to investigate international law’s notion of an archetypical legal subject in order to determine whether and how such a fictionalised legal subject could facilitate the regulation of digital technologies in the international realm."
Rättsvetenskap och nya teknologier – vilka lagar gäller, hur anpassas de till framväxten av nya teknologier? Vilka nya regelverk behöver skapas?
"Nanotechnology, synthetic biology, 3D printing, gene-editing, human enhancement, internet of things, artificial intelligence, ‘big data’ processing and predictive tools, to name a few examples are emerging technologies and technologic fields, creating exciting opportunities for human flourishing and wellbeing. New business models and alternative systems for incentive to innovation follow closely the new technologic reality. These also imply considerable ethical and social debates, implying considerable legal challenges. What laws to apply and how to interpret the existing normative framework is the first interrogation. A second, is how to adapt, improve and create rules that are adapted to a new scientific, technologic and business reality, but still conform to the basic social values of our civilization. This project will address legal issues raised by emerging technologies incorporation interdisciplinary contributes in legal thinking. Radically new technologic possibilities often imply normative choices, balancing different perspectives, and essential values. It is necessary to create or adapt specific regulations. Simultaneously, it should be avoided that the specificities of the technology lead to inconsistencies and unnecessary lack of coherence between different norms. Predictable and clear norms are essential for business entities, private citizens and society as a group."
EU-rätt – ett flertal projekt inom EU-rätt.
Konkurrens- och arbetsrätt – delningsekonomins inverkan på konkurrens- och arbetsrätt.
"My research fields are currently European Union law, competition law and constitutional principles relating to the democratic order. I am particularly interested in how EU and national constitutional requirements, such as accountability, interact with competition law. This interest is the basis for a larger research project over the next 3-4 years which has received funding from the competition authority and is entitled: ‘Economics and Value Judgment: Between Accountability and Independence of Competition Agencies’. Over the course of the next 3-4 years, I will however also be working on a number of smaller research projects and aim at starting a developing a new larger project. The smaller research projects will examine the sharing economy and its implication for the interaction between competition and labour law, the role of public policy arguments in the constitutional framework of the EU, target enforcement of the internal market rules as a tool in the current rule of law crisis in Poland/Hungary, and a project under Lund’s samverkansinitiativ. Finally, within the four-year, a new larger project should be developed. This project aims to explore EU law and its interaction with charities and non-profits."
Internationell rätt – om människor på flykt.
"For the next 4 years my research activities will have two pillars in terms of subject matter – (1) positive obligations in human rights law, and (2) the rights of people on the move. These two pillars will be explored through the lenses of public international law (e.g. the Convention related to the Status of Refugees), and Council of Europe law and EU law. In this way, the complexities engendered by the multiplicities of legal frameworks will be clarified. The strengths and weaknesses of these multiplicities will be investigated. The legal reasoning and the standards imposed by the institutions (e.g. European Court of Human Rights, the Court of Justice of the EU) mandated to interpret and supervise the application of the legal standards, will be contrasted and elucidated. As to the first pillar, I will focus on the scope of states’ positive obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights, under the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Council of Europe Convention on Violence against Women. As to the second pillar, I will focus on the role of national governments in shaping asylum in Europe and on the scope of state discretion to control the movement of refugees."